[41-60]

 

Biased for people and place names

Biased for newspapers (political discourse)

Biased for manga

 

041

姿

すがた

form; figure; shape

 

1. 姿 

すがた figure; shape; appearance

2. 姿勢 

しせい attitude; posture

3. 容姿 

ようし oneís appearance; looks; face and figure

4. 姿を現す 

すがたをあらわす to show up; to put in an appearance

5. 姿を消す 

すがたをけす to disappear

next 次 (shares onyomi )

woman 女

 

042

ユウ

さそ.う、(いざな.う)

entice; tempt; invite

 

1. 誘い 

さそい invitation

2. 誘う 

さそう to invite; to lure

3. 誘拐 

ゆうかい abduction; kidnapping

4. 誘導 

ゆうどう guidance; induction (vs)

5. 誘惑 

ゆうわく temptation; lure (vs)

words 言

also appears in (transparent)

 

043

シュウ、ジュ

.く、つ.ける

concerning; settle; take position; per

 

1. 就いて 

ついて about; concerning; regarding

2. 就職 

しゅうしょく getting a job; finding employment (vs)

3. 就任 

しゅうにん inauguration; assumption of office (vs)

4. 就く 

つく to take a position; to commence (a journey); to study (under a teacher)

5. 就寝 

しゅうしん going to bed (vs)

capital 京

plausible 尤 Not to be confused with the righthand side of

 

044

ため、な.る、(な.す、す.る)

do; change; benefit; be of use; practice; serve as; advantage; as a result of

 

1. Öの為に 

のために for the sake of Ö; for the purpose of Ö

2. 行為 

こうい deed; act; conduct

3. 為替 

かわせ money order; currency exchange

4. 有意 

ゆうい capable; talented; promising

5. 無作為 

むさくい at random

6. 為さる 

なさる (honorific) to do

7. Öの所為 

せい ___ís fault [almost always in kana]

Notes:

Is sometimes used in place of in なる.

Has no component radicals, and does not appear in any other kanji.

Is mostly out of common use, but writers use it often enough that itís worth learning.

 

045

ケン

かぎ

key; lock

 

1. 鍵 

かぎ key; lock

2. 鍵盤 

けんばん keyboard (of a computer, piano, etc)

3. 鍵を掛ける 

かぎをかける to lock

metal 金

construction 建、also in (health)、腱 (tendon)strong radical for ケン

 

046

ケイ、(キョウ)

ころ、ごろ、(しばら.く)

time; about; toward

 

1. 頃 

ごろ (suffix) approximately ___; around __

2. 頃 

ころ time period; era

3. この頃 

このごろ nowadays; recently

4. 年頃 

としごろ at oneís age

5. 今頃 

いまごろ right about now

6. いい頃 

いいころ high time; about time

katakana

head radical 頁

Notes:

The standard is to write it in kana, but itís still very frequently written with kanji.

 

047


まも.

safeguard; protect

 

1. 保護 

ほご conservation; preservation

2. 看護者 

かんごしゃ nurse

3. 護身 

ごしん self-defense

4. 弁護士 

べんごし lawyer

5. 護衛 

ごえい guard; escort (vs)

words 言

plants radical

counter for vessels 隻

 

048

エイ、(エ)

defense; protection

 

1. 衛星 

えいせい satellite

2. 衛生 

えいせい sanitation; hygiene; safety

3. 防衛 

ぼうえい defense

4. 護衛 

ごえい guard; escort (vs)

to go 行

also in 違 (different)、偉 (magnificent)、韓 (Korea)


049

シン
(つまび.らか、つぶさ.に)

hearing; judge; trial

 

1. 審議 

しんぎ deliberation; discussion

2. 審査 

しんさ judging; inspection; investigation

3. 審判 

しんぱん umpire; referee; judge

4. 審美的 

しんびてき aesthetic

5. 審理 

しんり trial

roof radical

order 番

Notes:

Lookalike kanji: (order)、蕃 (barbarian)

 

050

タイ、テイ

とどこお.

stagnate; delayed; overdue

 

1. 交通渋滞

こうつうじゅうたい traffic jam

2. 延滞

えんたい overdue; delayed; procrastinate (vs)

3. 滞在

たいざい stay; soujourn (vs)

4. 滞納

たいのう non-payment; defaulting on a debt

water radical

belt 帯 (shares onyomi タイ)

Notes:

 

 

051

ノウ、ナッ、ナ、ナン、トウ

おさ.める、おさ.まる

payment; obtain; supply

 

1. 納まる 

おさまる to be delivered; to be paid

2. 納屋 

なや shed; barn

3. 納期 

のうき delivery date

4. 納税者 

のうぜいしゃ taxpayer

5. 納豆 

なっとう natto (fermented soybeans Ė if youíve never eaten them before, donít)

6. 納得させる 

なっとく to be convinced; to be persuaded

7. 納付 

のうふ payment; supply (vs)

thread 糸

inside 内

Notes:

Homophone with 収、修、治 for おさめる

 

052

スイ
.

conjecture; infer; guess; support

 

1. 推す 

おす to infer; to conclude

2. 推計 

すいけい estimate; guess (vs)

3. 推奨 

すいしょう recommendation; endorsement (vs)

4. 推定 

すいてい presumption; assumption

5. 推理 

すいり reasoning; logical inference; mystery genre (books and movies)

6. 邪推 

じゃすい distrust; suspicion

hand radical

complications radical 

 

053

セイ、シン、ショウ
.う、う.ける

solicit; ask; request

 

1. 普請 

ふしん building; construction

2. 申請

しんせい request; petition

3. 請う 

こう to ask for; to beg for [forgiveness, a favor]

4. 請願 

せいがん petition; written entreaty (vs)

5. 請求 

せいきゅう claim; charge; bill for a service (vs)

6. 請負 

うけおい contract (for work); contracting

words 言

blue 青

 

054

(キュウ)

おか、(たかし)

hill; knoll

 

1. 丘 

おか hill; rising ground

2. 自由ヶ丘 

Jiyugaoka (place)

3. 桜ヶ丘 

Sakuragaoka (place)

Notes:

Often interchangeable in the kunyomi readings with

 

055

(コウ)
おか

hill; knoll

 

1. 静岡 

Shizuoka (place)

2. 福岡 

Fukuoka (place)

3. 岡目 

おかめ onlooker; bystander

Notes:

Often interchangeable in the kunyomi readings with

 

056

ジュウ、シュウ

しぶ.い、しぶ.

astringent; hesitate; reluctant

 

1. 渋い 

しぶい 1) tasteful; cool; refined; 2) bitter; astringent

2. 苦渋 

くじゅう bitterness; mortification; distress

3. 渋々 

しぶしぶ reluctantly; unwillingly

4. 渋る 

しぶる (verb suffix, follows conjunctive form) to be reluctant to ____

5. 渋谷 

Shibuya (place)

water radical

stop 止

splash (not the official name, but thatís what it looks like, ya?)

 

057

トウ
.

chastise; attack; defeat; destroy; conquer

 

1. 討ち取る 

うちとる to arrest; to take prisoner; to tag someone out in baseball

2. 検討 

けんとう investigation

3. 討論 

とうろん debate; discussion

words 言

handspan radical 

 

058

セン

cork; plug; stopper

 

1. 栓 

せん cork; stopcock

2. 消火栓 

しょうかせん fire hydrant

3. 水栓 

すいせん tap; water faucet

4. 栓抜き 

せんぬき bottle opener; corkscrew

tree 木

everything 全

 

059

カン
(から、いげた)

Korea

 

1. 日韓 

にっかん Japan and Korea

2. 韓国 

かんこく (South) Korea

also in (morning)、乾 (dry); NOT to be confused with (car)

also in 違 (different)、偉 (magnificent)

 

060

コウ
.める

aggression; attack

 

1. 攻める 

せめる to assault; to attack

2. 専攻

せんこう major; subject of study

3. 攻撃 

こうげき attack; strike; assault

4. 攻勢 

こうせい offensive movement; aggression

5. 攻め 

せめ gay slang for the dominant partner

manufacture 工

strike radical